Caroline Haughey OBE QC

Ranked in Chambers & Partners 2013 – 2019

Ranked in Legal 500 2017 – 2019

Times Lawyer of the Week 14th April 2011

Caroline prosecutes and defends across a wide variety of the most serious and high profile criminal cases with significant experience in a number of areas of health and safety law, regulatory work and associated areas such as inquests. She has developed a reputation for prosecuting and defending cases where ‘novel law’ and or sensitive matters are in issue.

Caroline has a particular interest in human trafficking, organised crime, firearms drugs and violence offences.

Human trafficking & slavery

Caroline is regarding as one of the leading experts in Human Trafficking and Modern Slavery in the UK.  Having prosecuted the first case of modern slavery in the UK ( R-v- SK) Caroline was subsequently involved in advising the all parliamentary group on a proposed bill,  gave evidence before the parliamentary committee and was subsequently involved in the drafting of the Modern Slavery Act 2015.  She has prosecuted a number of firsts under the new Act – first child sex exploitation,  first child labour exploitation,  first victimless prosecution,  first interim Slavery Trafficking Restriction Orders.  She has vast experience in prosecuting such cases particularly OCG and JIT based and successfully prosecuted Operation Fort the largest labour exploitation and trafficking case in Europe.

Caroline both lectures and advises on the law and policing in this area domestically and internationally to governments,  academics,  practitioners and law enforcement.

General practice

Aside from her trafficking work she has acted as counsel for both the Defence and the Crown (as leading counsel and or as junior) in a  wide range of criminal offending focused on OCGs.  These include Operations  Pauldings (firearms, perverting the course of justice, supply of drugs and money laundering), Brinzer (large scale drug supply) Montecarl, Dariole, Weave and Balivor (the Southwark Rapist),  Wildwood (largest heroin supply case in South East of England).


Caroline also prosecuted the first offence of bribery under the Bribery Act 2010 and  the subsequent 29 handed prosecution. Caroline was involved in the first cases signed under section 73 Serious Organised Crime and Police Act, the first prosecution of the importation of Ketamine in the United Kingdom as well as matters under RIPA s49. The Southwark Rapist of whom Caroline was part of the successful prosecution team received the first ever “life means life” sentence for a non murder conviction.  

Through both the Criminal and Regulatory aspects of her practice, Caroline has developed particular experience in disclosure both of national and internationally obtained material, medical disclosure, SOCPA agreements and associated material as well as phone and computer evidence and analysis.

   A recent conspiracy to murder trial was stayed on the grounds of abuse of process after 5 weeks of legal argument. 

Caroline has an extensive knowledge of general forensic, medico forensic and ballistic evidence and has advised both prosecuting agencies and the defence on the various avenues of expert evidence that can be explored – including the use of a canine DNA database and LCN DNA.She has extensive experience in prosecuting and defending in cases where internet material has been in dispute and has a working knowledge of various computer applications, encryption and software.

Caroline has experience in dealing with corporate manslaughter cases from a defence perspective. She has regularly been instructed by both companies and individuals in the immediacy of the investigation – advising on interview, evidence recovery and tactical over view. Her experience as a former Grade 4 prosecutor enables her to provide a useful overview on disclosure and charging standards. She has regularly undertaken the coronial aspect of proceedings and has advised on subsequent corporate compliance. She has a particular awareness of construction compliance, air accident investigation proceedings and medical causation.  She is also asked to advise corporate entities on their MSA supply chain compliance.

Regulatory / HSE / Inquests

Caroline has a depth of experience in Regulatory work including Heath and Safety, GOC, Fire Authority as well as pharmaceutical and veterinary practice and regulation ranging from incinerators to Lab ISO accreditation. She has succeeded in forcing a Local Authority to offer no evidence in a death in the work place allegation where there had been significant failings in disclosure at Reading Crown Court – “The Cure Tour at Bray Studios” as well as having a client successfully moved from a Person of Interest to Special advisor to the inquest during Coronial proceeding. She is regularly called in to advise in corporate / gross negligence manslaughter cases from the very outset of proceedings, advising companies on pre-emptive investigation and reputation management.

Caroline’s wide ranging knowledge on forensic and medical evidence means that she is often requested to advise on and or mitigate in cases where injuries or death have occurred and causation is in issue.

Lecturing & publications

Publications 2017-19

  • Current Joint Expert Legal Advisor to the 2nd Modern Slavery Review.
  • Contributing author of  4 chapters of CPAUK Modern Slavery E Handbook for Parliamentarians.
  • Sole Author of Independent Modern Slavery Review 2016 at direction of Home Secretary.

Lectures 2018-19

  • Cambridge University CCARHT symposium
  • CBA Spring lecture on successful OCG prosecutions
  • British Embassy,  Prosecutors Course, Sofia,  Bulgaria.
  • TNOC Conference contributor,  Cambridge University
  • De Montfort University Violence against the Vulnerable
  • CPS JIT workshop. – international evidence and admissibility
  • Negating Human Slavery Workshop 
  • UN ODC – Modern Slavery the UK Approach at request of UK Government
  • RUSI Lecture  – Modern Slavery
  • Commonwealth Parliamentarians – Drafting a Modern Slavery Act 2017 & 2018
  • Policing Modern Slavery Conference

Caroline also advises on scripts, productions and books concerning crime and the justice system and is regularly interviewed by the media in relation to the criminal law and its application – she is a regular contributor to LBC and main contributor to the multi – awarding winning program “Slavery on Our Streets”.

  • Modern Slavery Task Force – Led By the Prime Minister
  • Home Office Working Group on Adult Sex Websites
  • Modern Slavery Police Transformation Programme Strategic Oversight Board
  • Criminal Bar Association
  • South Eastern Circuit
  • Middle Temple
  • BSB Conduct Committee 2011 – 2017
  • Inspector for Bar Standards Board of Bar Vocational Course providers (retired)
  • External Examiner on Crime for the Bar Standards Board
  • Kalisher Trust Trustee
  • Concord Prison Trust Trustee
  • Director  – The Anti Slavery Collective
  • Human Trafficking Advisory Council,  McCain Institute,  USA
  • Provosts Committee, Trinity College,  Dublin,  Ireland
  • Caroline Haughey
  • Legal 500 Leading Silk

Furnival Chambers